- Leather( genuine) – Very expensive but they are always excellent value for your money by being unique and long lasting. Leather is from cows, sheep alligators, pigs etc… Some have questioned the other sources of leather from China, claiming that since they eat dogs and cats some of its hide is used for shoe making. Usually genuine leather mold to the shape of your foot making it the best material for fitting.
- Synthetic leather – Is a man made fabric that looks like leather. It has a leather-like surface and is dyed and treated to make it have the look and feel of real leather. It is often used as a substitute for real leather because it is less expensive and it does not require using a real animal hide to create. Some have use the term ” Pleather” which means plastic leather(polythene) to define materials on shoes. Unlike genuine leather synthetic stretches and chip off as it wears off, and you end up with shoes that don’t fit well.
- Fabrics materials – Can be denims, canvas, fibers, cottons or polyesters fabrics etc… Fabrics do range on prices, based on how expensive the fabric is. Some can be comfortable and some can be very hard, so you’ll have to try your shoes to make sure they are good for your feet.
- Natural rubber Sole – It is found in sap of certain trees, sometimes it can be very heavy. But very good for insulation and shock absorbent.
- Synthetic rubber sole(polythene) – Is chemically produced made from polymers, it has many advantages over natural rubber but has a low shelf life (sole brittle or brake off when is not used)
- TPR- Is the combination of PU(polythene) and Rubber(natural or not).
- Sheet sole – A leather like material which looks good on your soles. And it can be from re-cycled materials.
- Leather sole – Is very good for dancing shoes and can be very expensive. They lack shock absorbent, so they are basically indoor shoes.
- Plastic sole – Are chemically(urethane) produced and are normally used by people working closely with water or places where there is rain.